Imatinib mesylate inhibited rat adjuvant arthritis and PDGF-dependent growth of synovial fibroblast via interference with the Akt signaling pathway.

Mod Rheumatol. 2009;19(5):522-9
Authors: Terabe F, Kitano M, Kawai M, Kuwahara Y, Hirano T, Arimitsu J, Hagihara K, Shima Y, Narazaki M, Tanaka T, Kawase I, Sano H, Ogata A
Overgrowth of the synovium plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is one of the most potent mitogenic factors of synovial cells, and imatinib mesylate (imatinib) is a specific inhibitor of the PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase. The aim of this study was to elucidate the anti-rheumatic activity of imatinib. The in vivo effects of imatinib were assessed by evaluating the sequential manifestation of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats using paw volume and clinical scores. Imatinib was found to inhibit rat adjuvant-induced arthritis, but the inhibitory effects were incomplete. To confirm the mechanism of anti-rheumatic-activity of imatinib, we assessed the in vitro effects of imatinib on the proliferation of RA synovial fibroblast-like cells (RASFs) using a MTT assay. Intracellular signaling of PDGF was evaluated by Western blot analysis. Platelet-derived growth factor was found to induce a significant proliferation of RASFs, while imatinib inhibited PDGF-induced proliferation of RASF. Imatinib also inhibited PDGF-induced phosphorylation of the PDGF receptor and Akt, whereas constitutive activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase was not inhibited by imatinib. In contrast, imatinib did not inhibit transforming growth factor beta- and basic fibroblast growth factor-induced proliferation of RASF. Oral administration of imatinib ameliorated adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats, and it inhibited PDGF-induced RASF proliferation through disruption of the PDGF-R to Akt kinase signaling pathway. Because imatinib cannot inhibit the non-PDGF-dependent proliferation of RASFs, the anti-rheumatic effect of imatinib may be incomplete. The development of inhibitors of RASF proliferation may lead to the successful treatment of RA.
PMID: 19568828 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]