Stem cells in the treatment of stroke.

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010;671:105-16.
Stem cells in the treatment of stroke.
Urbaniak Hunter K, Yarbrough C, Ciacci J.
University of Michigan, Department of Radiation Oncology, UH B2C490, 1500 E. Medical Center Dr., Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Stroke is an often devastating insult resulting in neurological deficit lasting greater than 24 hours. In the United States, stroke is the third leading cause of death. In those who do not succumb, any outcome from total recovery over a period of weeks to months to persistent profound neurological deficits is possible. Present treatment centers on the decision to administer tissue plasminogen activator, subsequent medical stabilization and early intervention with rehabilitation and risk factor management. The advent of stem cell therapy presents an exciting new frontier for research in stroke treatment, with the potential to cause a paradigm shift from symptomatic control and secondary prevention to reconstitution of neural networks and prevention of neuronal cell death after neurologic injury.
PMID: 20455499 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]